Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer Risk

More News and Things I learned from the AACR 2013 Meeting!

The American Institute for Cancer Research publishes progress reports on the fight against cancer.

It also developed a list of recommendations on healthy lifestyle habits that have been shown to prevent and/or minimize the development and occurrence of cancer.

One of these reports is called “Food, Nutrition, Physical Activity, and the Prevention of Cancer: A Global Perspective”

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The report can be found at:

Recommendation from the American Institute for Cancer Research

Adapted from the report.

1 Body Fatness Be as lean as possible within the normal range of body weight.Maintenance of a healthy weight throughout life may be one of the most important ways to protect against cancer and other chronic diseases. Aim for a median body mass index (BMI) to be at 21 to 23.Ensure that body weight through chiodhood and adolescent growth projects toward the lower end of the normal BMI range from age 21.Avoid weight gain and increases in waist circumference throughout adulthood
2 Physical Activity Be physical active as part of everyday life.Limit sedentary habits such as watching television. Attempt to be physical active every day equal to a brisk walk for at least 30 minutes.More moderate to vigorous activities for longer periods are even more beneficial.
3 Foods and Drinks that Promote Weight Gain Limit consumption of energy-dense foods and avoid sugary drinks. Consume ‘fast foods’ sparingly or not at all.Energy dense foods are minly made up of processed foods.
4 Plant Foods Eat a lot of food that originates from plantsLimit refined starchy foods.Evidence shows that most diets that are protective against cancer are mainly made up from foods of plant origin. Aim to eat relatively unprocessed foods such as cereals, legumes and other foods that are natural source of dietary fibre.Broccoli, Onions, Brussels sprouts and other foods that are now called “Super Food” on the World Wide Web are good.
5 Animal Foods Limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meatHowever, an integrated approach to the evidence shows that many foods of animal origin are nourishing and healthy if consumed in modest amounts and if they are minimally processed. Processed meat refers to meat preserved by smoking, curing or salting, and by adding chemical preservatives such as sodium nitrate.To confuse the matter, meat is a valuable source of nutrients such as iron, zinc, and vitamin B12.
6 Alcoholic Drinks Limit alcoholic drinks.However, there appears to be a likely protective effect for coronary heart disease when drinking modest amounts. Don’t get drunk and limit daily consumption to no more than two drinks a day for men and one a day for women.Once drink contain about 10 to 15 grams of ethanol.Children and pregnant women should not consume alcoholic drinks.
7 Preservation, Processing, Preparation Limit consumption of salt and avoid mouldy cereals and legumesThere is strong evidence that salt preserved foods are probably a cause of stomach cancer and that foods contaminated with aflatoxins cause liver cancer. Minimize exposure to aflatoxins found in mouldy foods.Avoid salt-preserved foods. Limit salt intake.Avoid sodium nitrate.Salt is necessary for human health and life itself, but at levels very much lower than those typically consumed in most parts of the world.
8 Dietary Supplements Aim to meet nutritional needs through diet alone.The consumption of the relevant nutrients through the usual diet is preferred. Evidence that shows that high-dose nutrient supplements minimize the risk of getting cancer is conflicting.Studies show that they can do both, have a protective or cancer causing effect.Eat fresh and unprocessed food whenever possible.
9 Breastfeeding Mother to breastfeed; children to be breastfed.Breastfeeding protects against infections in infancy, the development of the immature immune system, and is vital for the development of the bond between mother and child. Breastfeeding exclusively for up to six months is recommended.Evidence shows that breastfeeding is protective for the mother as well as the child.This means human milk only, with no other food or drink, including water.
10 Cancer Survivors Follow the recommendations for cancer preventionNew treatments for many cancers have proved to be increasingly successful. If possible receive nutritional care from an appropriately trained professional.Aim to follow the recommendations for diet, healthy weight, and physical activity.

Categories: Antibodies, Antigens, Bioanalysis, BNA RNA, Cancer, Cancer Risk, Cell line authentication, cell line cross contamination, Cell Line Identification, Cell lines, DNA, DNA Analysis, Epigenetics, FISH, Food, Food Analysis, Gene Expression, Genetics, Human Genetics, Scientific meetings, Telomere

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