DNA Structure

What is a CRISPR Cas system?


The CRISPR-Cas systems found in bacteria and archaea are versatile small RNAs for adaptive defense and regulation Bacteria and archaea have evolved various defense and regulatory mechanisms allowing them to react to various stressful situations caused by the environment, such… Read More ›

Are viruses hiding within us?


Recent research results indicate that viral sequences are part of us. Endogenous viral elements (EVEs) or endogenous retroviral elements (ERVs) have been identified in eukaryotic genomes including the human genome. The findings revealed the enormous scale of the invasion of… Read More ›

DNA Methylation


What is DNA Methylation? . DNA methylation is a biochemical reaction that adds a methyl group to DNA nucleotides. The methylation of DNA has been found to alter the expression of genes in cells during development. BSI can help you… Read More ›

Tales of Genes and Proteins


Implications of the Human Genome Project The human genome project revealed that the human genome contains approximately 26,000 to 38,000 genes that code for proteins. This is significantly fewer than had been previously anticipated. It was found that protein-coding sequences… Read More ›